Recent Posts

August is For the Birds


for_the_birdsBirdwatchers are kind of the original citizen scientists, at least as far as the Audubon Society is concerned: the Annual Christmas Bird Count, a grassroots effort to monitor bird populations, has been going on since the early 1900s. So, it shouldn’t come as a surprise to note that there are several citizen science initiatives that focus on birds. This week, I round up several taking place across the US this month. Grab your binoculars!

Vaux’s Happening
vauxhappening.org/Vauxs_Happening_Home.html
Named after Sir William Vaux, this bird is a member of the swift species, and is primarily found in Washington State. The Vaux’s Happening is an Audubon citizen science project that tries to locate and document the chimneys that are used as communal roosts by the bird during migration.

Urban Ecology Center/Milwaukee Biome Project
urbanecologycenter.org/what-we-do/bird-research.html
The Urban Ecology Center’s field sites are stopover locations for migrating birds. Organizers need your help to document what birds are coming and what time, and need help with banding the wee, feathered visitors.

Nesting Bald Eagles
www.georgiawildlife.com/node/1322
Eagles nest at this time of year, rather than in the spring. Researchers want to know the locations and numbers of adult and immature Bald Eagles, behavior, and learn more about their nesting activity.

Wild Turkey Survey
www.dec.ny.gov/animals/48732.html
Sorry, this is the bird, not the drink. The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation wants to know the sex and age composition of flocks of Wild Turkeys observed in New York.

Chicago Bird Collision Monitors and Project Safe Flight
www.birdmonitors.net, www.nycaudubon.org/index.php/project-safe-flight,
Put your first aid skills to use by helping birds injured after striking buildings in Chicago or New York. Recover dead birds for study and counting as well.

Shorebird Monitoring
www.lapurisimaaudubon.org/PRIDE.html
The La Purisma Audubon Society wants you to help survey shorebirds along the Lower Santa Ynez River in Santa Barbara County, California.

 

Photo By Alex Proimos from Sydney, Australia (Bird Spotting Uploaded by russavia) [CC-BY-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Featured TED: Citizen science and innovation


 

TEDinnovation

Roll your own citizen science project


English: Tools

Some tools to build your own project  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Previously, I’ve discussed citizen science projects that you can join. Today, I’m going to talk about some tools you can use to create your own citizen science project.

Pybossa

Pybossa bills itself as “the only open source framework for making crowdsourcing projects.” The goal of the software is to allow organizers to complete huge tasks in record time with the help of volunteers.

Programmed in Python and based on the University of California at Berkeley’s Bossa project (the same organization that built BOINC), the framework is good for tasks that require human cognition at scale. This might include things like image classification, transcription, and geocoding. Some projects that are powered by Pybossa include Micropasts and ForestWatchers.

The software comes with a guide to getting started and a few templates to get you going; just using those, you could set up something to transcribe PDF docs, do sound pattern recognition, or phone-based data collection. The full documentation can be found here.

CKAN

CKAN is data hub software that allows organizations (e.g., national and regional governments, companies, researchers, etc.) to quickly and easily publish datasets. It also allows users to share, find, and use data.

The open source code has a fairly extensive feature set. Publishers can publish data via an API, or by importing their data files. They can add metadata, visualize the data with maps, graphs, and tables, and look at analytics to see how users are making use of the data. There is also version control (so publishers know when there has been a change to a dataset) and custom data hub themes (so publishers can customize the look of their portal).

Data users can comment on datasets, “follow” them and be notified of updates, and share information via Twitter or Facebook.

Two sites already using CKAN include http://data.gov.uk/ and http://publicdata.eu/, published by the UK and EU governments respectively. At the UK site, for example, you can get diet and obesity stats or road safety data. A number of apps that make use of the data have been written and listed on this page.

CKAN stands for Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network, and it is a project of the Open Knowledge Foundation.

Poplus

Poplus has more to do with civic engagement than citizen science, but the principles behind the software and the tools I’m linking to here are the same. Poplus calls itself “an international movement that promotes the sharing of software for civic and democratic purposes.” The movement is predicated on the belief that citizens have universal basic civic needs, no matter where they live. With that in mind, volunteers with the movement have created “components” that developers can use, modify, and customize, without having to reinvent the wheel.

“Why should every organization have to write their software from scratch?” organizers note on the Poplus website. “By sharing code, we can make things quicker and easier, freeing up time for the important things.”

Current Poplus components include PopIt, a tool to make it easy to make and maintain lists of politicians and their basic biographical information; SayIt, which allows you to present transcripts online so that they are viewable, linkable, searchable, and shareable; and WriteIt, which provides an easy way for users to contact people in power by matching users to their representatives using just one piece of information.

EpiCollect

EpiCollect is software that is designed for data collection. For simple projects, EpiCollect allows you to create a project website, design forms for text and photo data collection, load the app into a mobile platform, collect data, and view the data.

For more complex projects, EpiCollect+ allows you to build a project that can do all of the above, collect all types of media (photos, sounds, videos, etc.), download the data, and create forms with logic (e.g., you can skip questions based on user answers).

The software currently supports both Android and iOS.

EpiCollect was developed at Imperial College London and is funded by the Wellcome Trust.

 

What other tools (software, hardware, other) are there that would allow you to roll your own citizen science project? Post your links in the comments below!